How To Get Relief From Lower Back Pain Lumbago?
Lumbago or lower back pain may be the result of excessive lumbar strain on the lower back muscles due to a poor posture, being overweight, or having to do a lot of carrying or lifting of heavy loads.
For a few people, persistent extreme low back pain may be due to arthritis.
What is Lumbago?
Lumbago or lower back pain is an aching discomfort that occurs in the lumbar portion of the spine. It is one of the most common health problems and is the reason most often given for taking time off work.
Lumbago (lumbalgia) only means pain in the lower back. A continuation of the pain into the legs as an indication of irritation or damage to nerves is not included.
Thus, the lower back pain is strictly separated from the nerve-related leg pain. Acute Lumbago also includes a restriction of movement and a muscular tension. It is usually harmless and passes without treatment.
It often occurs in the context of rapid muscular cooling or jerky movements.
Typical patient reports include, “I still drank my beer on the terrace with sweaty back after the tennis match and got cold,” or “In an unfortunate movement, it shot me in the back, and I couldn’t stand up anymore.”
In both cases, there is a combination of joint dysfunction with reduced mobility and significant muscular tension.
What are the causes of Lumbago and lower back?
Back pain is usually caused by a mechanical disorder of one of the structures in or around the spine.
The hip pain may be the result of damage to a ligament or muscle, or to one of the joints between adjacent vertebrae bones of the spine.
Occasionally, lower back pain is due to a disc prolapse, a condition in which the spongy material between the vertebrae bulges through its surrounding ligament and presses on adjacent spinal nerves.
This nerve pressure causes hip pain in the back and also pain running down the back of the sciatica leg.
Other causes of back pain include arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, a disease of the joints, and, rarely, a tumor in the spinal column.
It may also be caused by abdominal pressure and other problems, such as a peptic ulcer, pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas), or an aortic aneurysm (localized widening of the aorta).
In most cases, the back pain goes away within a few days. It often improves before the doctor has arranged any tests, so the exact cause may not be confirmed.
If the pain persists or keeps coming back, tests will be done to establish a diagnosis.
How does lower back pain treatment work?
Most episodes of lower back pain treatment can be resolved by resting the back for a few days.
However, if the condition is persistent or recurrent, the doctor’s diagnosis can usually be made by means of a physical examination.
This includes testing neurological nervous system responses and muscle function.
Other diagnostic studies may include a CT computed tomography scan, which is an x-ray procedure that produces a detailed cross sectional image of a particular part of the body, or a myelogram, an x-ray of the back taken after an injection of dye into the spine.
Bed rest for at least a few days is often recommended. Painkillers, anti-inflammatory drugs and muscle relaxants can help relieve muscle spasms.
Manipulation of the back by a doctor, physiotherapist or osteopath can be very effective, helping to relieve the pain and spasms in some cases.
How to relieve lower back and hip pain
Avoid prolonged sitting and keep the back mobile. Participate in regular exercise aimed at strengthening abdominal and lower back muscles. Swimming is excellent exercise for back pain.
Using a back rub can also help control minor bouts of back pain relief. Some people find relief from cold treatments with an ice pack.
For persistent backaches, a gradual loss of excess weight will help reduce the weight-bearing load on the spine.
Sleeping on a firm mattress and, for severe, chronic back pain, wearing a corset-like back brace can also help to ease the situation.
Reducing emotional stress if at all possible can also help, as many people unconsciously tighten their lower back muscles when they are worried or tense.
What will the doctor do?
Your doctor will examine your posture and the movements of your back when you are standing.
You will then be asked to lie down so your back can be checked for areas of tenderness and muscle spasm.
The nerve and muscle function in both legs will also be checked, as pressure on the spinal nerve can cause numbness or weakness.
Is Lumbago dangerous?
Lumbago is rarely dangerous. However, if the pain is accompanied by leg weakness, a feeling of numbness, or bladder or bowel problems, this indicates that there is pressure on one or more of the spinal nerves.
If the pain is caused by a disc prolapse or tumor, prolonged pressure on a spinal nerve will require surgery, as permanent nerve damage can result. You must see a doctor if the pain is persistent.
SYMPTOMS of Lumbago:
- Pain that radiates from the back into a leg sciatica
- Numbness or tingling sensations which occur in one or both legs
- Weakness in a leg
- Loss of control over bladder or bowels
- Muscle spasm
Anyone with severe back pain caused by an injury or fall, or who is unable to move, should be taken by ambulance to the nearest hospital.
Do not move the injured person, as this should only be done by trained staff.
How can I avoid lower back pain?
- Maintain your ideal weight.
- Practice back and abdominal exercises.
- Wear flat or low shoes.
- Sleep on a firm mattress.
- When lifting, squat down in a knee-bend, pick up the object and hold it close. Keep your back upright, but not unnaturally straight. Slowly straighten your legs as you rise.
Many persons that are susceptible to back pain cringe at the idea of exercising.
Even the simplest, most regular movements like bending over and standing can appear like an impossible feat.
Nevertheless, many of those that are plagued with back pain can really take advantage of exercising.
From acute injuries like muscle strains to degenerative illnesses like spinal arthritis, you will find lots of reasons for back pain.
Determined by what has caused your disquiet, you may or may not take advantage of exercising.
You ought to consult with your physician before you start any exercise regimen. You may even need to ask your physician in case you are a candidate for physiotherapy.
Some patients prefer dealing with a physiotherapist to exercising alone because it enables them to rest easy knowing they are targeting the appropriate muscle groups, and they are performing all exercises correctly and safely.
Types of Lumbago physical therapy
What activities occur in physiotherapy? Your sessions may include active or passive therapies (or, as is frequently the case, a blend of both).
Active therapies demand your direct contribution (they’re “done by you”) and may include extending and strength training exercises, while passive therapies are performed by the physical therapist (or, they are “done for you”).
Active physical therapy
Common active treatments include:
Strength-training: Essentially the most common active treatment, strength training functions to stabilize the spine by making the neck, straight back, and abdomen stronger and better in a position to support the weight of your human body.
Stretching/flexibility exercises: Gently stretching the muscles will help some patients alleviate muscle tension to lessen pain.
This kind of active treatment generally goes hand in-hand with weight training.
Posture adjustment exercises: This kind of active treatment can technically be categorized as the resistance training and stretching classes of physiotherapy.
Nevertheless, these exercises especially serve to enhance a patient’s bearing while sitting, standing, and sometimes even sleeping.
Passive physical therapy
Common passive treatments include:
Heat/ice treatment: This treatment entails the application of heat alternated with the application of ice. Using heat to the affected region can alleviate muscle tension, while a cold compress can reduce inflammation and numb pain.
Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS): Yet another kind of passive treatment, TENS involves the delivery of an electric current to a particular nerve in the rear.
This is really a noninvasive treatment (the current is sent via the skin) and causes no pain. Mild heat created by the present will help alleviate muscle tension.
Ultrasound therapy: Also a passive therapy, ultrasound therapy includes the transmission of ultrasound waves throughout your skin and into underlying tissues.
The high frequency sound waves created all through the ultrasound deliver heat deep into the lower back muscles, tendons, and ligaments, encouraging healing and relaxing muscle spasms.
Light painkiller possible, physiotherapy not necessary
In the short-term, a simple painkiller such as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug can provide relief. The lowest effective dosage is recommended.
As we said: Normally, Heat applications on the cross can improve blood circulation and possibly contribute to pain relief.
However, this should only make sense to the extent that the person concerned ensures slight movement at the same time. The prescription of physiotherapy is usually not necessary in the case of acute cross pain.
This also applies to manual therapy measures (formerly: chirotherapy).
Preventing extreme lower back pain
Especially with home exercises. It means living more back-friendly from now on in order to prevent chronic back pain.
These include regular physical activity, avoiding acute strains of the spine and weight.
It is certainly not wrong to strengthen the backbone and abdomen with some gymnastics, possibly also a posture training (back school).
Courses with spinal gymnastics are offered, for example, by adult education centers. A back-friendly design of the workplace is actually a matter of course.
For sports enthusiasts, it is important not to overdo it and to warm up and stretch the muscles – even those of the back – before any sporting action.
It is also recommended to learn how to deal better with stress in the long-run.
Many people with acute lower back pain have found relief by studying and following the Alexander Technique.
This is a system of posture adjustment and training for the correct movement of the spine, neck and limbs. The technique is taught in individual classes.