Can you use melatonin for anxiety?
Firstly, melatonin is a natural substance produced by your body.
Which has the biological purpose of regulating your sleep-wake cycle, inducing sleep, and allowing your body to rest from the day’s stress.
It is a hormone that your body produces naturally. It is synthesized by the pineal gland, a part of your brain that controls sleep patterns.
When it is dark, your body produces more melatonin and helps you fall asleep.
Melatonin for anxiety as a supplement.
Clinical studies have shown that these supplements can be effective in treating your sleep problems.
In subjects with insomnia problems due to irregular sleep-wake cycles, you can always go with oral intake, in the form of a food supplement.
Since it is a rather simple synthetic product, it does not have any particular side effects on you, if you take it as prescribed and only in the evening when you are going to bed.
However, insomnia is not the only disorder for you to take melatonin. Interaction with the sleep mechanism can also lead to you improving from your anxiety states.
Generally, as a point for you to note, you can make use of melatonin supplements for the sole purpose of helping you in alleviating your sleep disorders, such as primary insomnia.
Also, you can use melatonin for a variety of health conditions including bipolar disorder, dementia, depression, endometriosis, as well as anxiety.
Melatonin for anxiety helps you in alleviating symptoms, as well as regulating your sleep cycle by controlling the level of stimulation and activity experienced by your body through its anxiolytic effects.
If you have anxiety, melatonin can help make you easily fall asleep at night, since insomnia is a common side effect of this mood disorder.
It can also alleviate symptoms of depression in you, in case you notice depression too, alongside your anxiety.
However, as a hint for you to know what anxiety is all about, research suggests that this state is the name given to it — short-term stress and excitement experienced in coping with a perceived threat or threats that do not improve.
The melatonin hormone works to regulate your sleep and the circadian rhythm. The levels of this chemical in your body are affected by the amount of light during the day and at night.
Your brain is the eyes through a neural pathway that receives signals by detecting the amount of light in the ambient environment.
Your brain then responds by secreting the appropriate hormones, changing your body’s original temperature and incorporating it with other action cycles.
At night when it is dark outside, your brain releases melatonin to help you sleep.
When light is detected, the secretion of melatonin is inhibited and replaced by other hormones in your body to promote wake-up.
Since melatonin naturally plays a large role in regulating your body clock and sleep, you may have to use this supplementation when you are presented with sleep problems.
But it can also help when you are with various forms of anxiety.
Another good thing for you to note is that researchers are also now studying the use of the hormone for other purposes, which also include melatonin for anxiety.
All You Need to Know About Anxiety
For you to fully understand how melatonin can intervene by helping to resolve your anxiety states, it is appropriate for me to define what anxiety is:
Anxiety is a psychic state characterized by intense concern or fear related to a specific stimulus to which your body is unable to adapt and against which it carries out a series of physical changes, typical of stress.
Note that anxiety, unlike fear, does not have a defensive function for you, but activates a series of mechanisms that “warn you” to face problems that do not exist at all or, in any case, you perceived them as more serious than they actually are.
Anxiety has very specific effects on you, which serve precisely to prepare you to face a hypothetical danger.
The effects of anxiety in your body system include:
- It increases blood flow to your muscles.
- It increases your heart rate and respiratory rate.
- It increases the secretion of cortisol by the adrenal glands in your body.
- It increases your muscle tone.
All useful mechanisms that are responsible for you to fight or escape from a dangerous situation are released when you are anxious, leading to anxiety disorder.
At the moment, there are no medicines or natural substances for you in eliminating anxiety.
Medicine has available anxiolytic drugs, which only avoid the onset of the anxiety mechanism and your body changes associated with it, but are unable to eliminate the cause of the disorder.
To go to the root of the problem, intervening directly on the cause and for you to remove it, it is recommended you resort to a psychotherapy course.
Medicines are therefore able to alleviate your symptoms by supporting psychological therapy.
Correlation Between Anxiety And Sleep Mechanism In Your Body
Sleep has an opposite effect on your body to that of anxiety, for example, it reduces the flow of blood to your limbs, slows down your respiratory and heart rhythms.
The symptoms of anxiety are therefore minimized in your body, thanks to sleep, and this is all the more true for the anxiety that occurs during your night time.
Night anxiety, in fact, involves a stiffening of your muscles and an awakening characterized by pain that worsens your anxious symptoms.
What are the negative effects of melatonin?
Experts recommend melatonin for you during your nocturnal anxiety states, simply because a supplement of melatonin at the end of the day allows for the stimulation of the sleeping mechanism in your body.
Thus activating your body parasympathetic nervous system, which counteracts the effects of anxiety.
I will advise you also to only take it strictly when you are going to bed, so as to avoid its interaction with electronic devices, creating for you an environment of the right temperature, especially with the lights off.
In this way, you can get a deep sleep, without night time awakenings, restful, and able to calm anxiety.
Also, try as much as possible to prolong its integration because melatonin acts by forcing your body to relax.
We also prescribe it in the early stages of psychotherapy, so as to fully combat your anxiety.
However, you should not make the mistake of using melatonin as an anxiolytic, because it is not a drug and does not act in the same way.
If you take it during the day, it may cause you drowsiness, acting negatively on your sleep-wake cycle, and preventing your night rest.
So if your anxiety attacks occur during the day, melatonin is of no help.
Now let’s look into a number of studies that support the use of melatonin.
A clinical study found that melatonin dose alleviates both anxiety and depression to a significant extent in elderly participants.
9 of the 14 patients stopped using hypnotic treatments when they were taking melatonin.
The result showed these patients slept better when taking the melatonin supplements.
In an animal study to study the effect of melatonin agonist, which mimics the effects of melatonin to create a reaction, in relation to anxiety and depression in mice.
The study found that agonists have anxiolytic effects, which are effects that fight anxiety.
It was found that agonists also had antidepressant effects. In addition, the authors of this study reviewed previous studies of melatonin for the treatment of mood disorders.
Studies found melatonin to be effective against some types of anxiety in these animals.
In any case, you may use melatonin therapy associated with a specific medical therapy to prevent anxiety from reappearing after stopping the supplement.
How does Melatonin affect anxiety?
In research to study melatonin receptors in the brain, it was found that the perception of anxiety is linked to your brain receptors.
The study also found that some melatonin receptors have anti-anxiety properties on you.
These studies show the need for further research into the possibility of using melatonin for your anxiety treatment.
Even though melatonin may help you during specific types of anxiety, it is less effective for other types.
For example, even though it may work for you in relieving your anxiety before surgery, it does not appear to work for this purpose in everyone.
Melatonin may also help you with the withdrawal of anxiety from nicotine, when you may feel it.
Let’s look into this case study together. An external test was opened to some participants when it was found that a study did not improve state anxiety.
50 subjects participated in a test of memory retention while undergoing a period of stress.
Subjects were given either melatonin or a placebo. Looking at melatonin, the group experienced a significant improvement in memory acquisition or learning,
However, they experienced the same amount of anxiety as those given a placebo. This temporary state of anxiety is referred to as state anxiety.
What does Research say About The Effect Of Melatonin On Your Anxiety?
It has come to my notice that most of the human research that has investigated the effectiveness of melatonin for anxiety has been carried out on people undergoing a surgical procedure.
In fact, it is common for people to feel anxious before surgery, and that is why anxiety-fighting drugs, such as benzodiazepines, are often used to reduce these symptoms.
In an analysis of 2015 clinical studies with 774 patients, melatonin was compared to midazolam – a sleep-inducing anxiolytic, or to a placebo sugar pill when administered before surgery.
Most of the studies analyzed found that taking melatonin would work better on you than a placebo pill and was approximately as effective as midazolam in reducing your anxiety.
Another study conducted in 2018 with 90 patients at the Clinical Hospital of Rajasthan, India, found that melatonin worked in you the same manner as alprazolam, a drug indicated for the treatment of anxiety disorders.
In the same year, research by the University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, Iran, found that melatonin worked better for you than oxazepam, a sedative, to improve sleep and reduce symptoms of anxiety.
Some Facts About the Usage of Melatonin For Anxiety Symptoms
- Melatonin supplements are available for you in tablets that are taken orally or sublingually.
- The most effective dose of melatonin that you can use for anxiety is unclear.
- Clinical studies have successfully used doses of 3 to 10 milligrams (mg), usually taken before bedtime.
- Higher doses have not been shown to work better for you.
Melatonin Dosage For Your Anxiety Symptoms
Since melatonin has not been approved by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) as a treatment for generalized anxiety disorder.
Therefore, there are no standardized dosage recommendations for you pertaining to this supplement.
- For Surgery: As an adult, you may resolve to use 3-10mg about an hour before surgery, for the purpose of reducing your anxiety before the actual act.
- For Sleep: I would recommend a normal dosage of 2–12 mg before bedtime for you here. However, one study discovered that using just 0.3 mg for sleep produced better results.
Overall, most people tolerate melatonin at lower than reasonable doses when used well.
Some side effects are reported, although some people experience minor adverse effects. For example, this supplement may cause you daytime drowsiness, nausea, and irritability.
In addition, you should avoid it if you are a pregnant woman or a lactating mother. Also, its long-term usage may not be safe for your children.
It may also interfere with other medications and supplements being used by you at the same time.
While melatonin may help relieve anxiety in you, a small number of people may experience a worsening of worries when using this product.
You should be careful about using this supplement with concern and talk to your health professional before taking it for this purpose.
In addition, from our experience, We have noticed some users of melatonin have also reported feeling depressive symptoms.
Some research suggests the potential to use melatonin as an anxiolytic to help you in relieving anxiety and falling asleep at night.
In particular, research often focuses on anxiety, especially on populations or certain circumstances, such as before surgery.
More research is needed to rate the efficacy of melatonin for anxiety treatment, even though initial results may have shown that it benefited everyone in getting positive results when taking this supplement.
Possible Side Effects
Most people who take melatonin have no negativ side effects.
Meanwhile, when unwanted side effects occur, they are usually mild. They may include:
Although melatonin can cause drowsiness, it usually does not impair your thinking or coordination like some anxiety medications.
Review on the Effect of Melatonin on Anxiety
Most reviews of melatonin supplements focus on its primary use of sleep aid. Nevertheless, some people have left reviews about using Melatonin for anxiety, including when anxiety is preventing them from sleeping.
A number of people who experience ongoing insomnia symptoms begin to feel stressed and anxious about sleeping at night. This can further increase insomnia, as well as increase anxiety during the day due to lack of sleep.
Several reviews noted on Drugs.com that melatonin helped users to sleep well, consequently counteracting the effect of anxiety from keeping them awake.
They reported feeling more relaxed and having a calm mind after taking melatonin, which helped them sleep.
melatonin greatly helps you in inducing sleep. Sleep on the other hand have broad-spectrum benefits for your health and mood regulation.
During sleep, your body repairs itself, and the levels of neurotransmitters are reset, which can help you improve resistance to anxiety the next day.